MySQLインストール

MySQLの検証をしてみたいと思ったのででRedhatLinux(RHEL5.7)に導入してみました。
導入したMySQLのバージョンは5.6.11-2です。
ほぼ備忘録です。

[root@localhost]# rpm -qa |grep MySQL
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.6.11-2.rhel5.i386.rpm
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
1:MySQL-server           ########################################### [100%]
2013-05-13 23:05:06 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use InnoDB's own implementation
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Not using CPU crc32 instructions
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: The first specified data file ./ibdata1 did not exist: a new database to be created!
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Setting file ./ibdata1 size to 12 MB
2013-05-13 23:05:06 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait...
2013-05-13 23:05:07 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile101 size to 48 MB
2013-05-13 23:05:08 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile1 size to 48 MB
2013-05-13 23:05:09 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Renaming log file ./ib_logfile101 to ./ib_logfile0
2013-05-13 23:05:09 5499 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45781
2013-05-13 23:05:09 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer not found: creating new
2013-05-13 23:05:10 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer created
2013-05-13 23:05:10 5499 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
2013-05-13 23:05:10 5499 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables.
2013-05-13 23:05:11 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Foreign key constraint system tables created
2013-05-13 23:05:11 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Creating tablespace and datafile system tables.
2013-05-13 23:05:11 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Tablespace and datafile system tables created.
2013-05-13 23:05:11 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2013-05-13 23:05:11 5499 [Note] InnoDB: 5.6.11 started; log sequence number 0
A random root password has been set. You will find it in '/root/.mysql_secret'.
2013-05-13 23:05:18 5499 [Note] Binlog end
2013-05-13 23:05:18 5499 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2013-05-13 23:05:18 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
2013-05-13 23:05:19 5499 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625977
2013-05-13 23:05:19 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2013-05-13 23:05:19 5541 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2013-05-13 23:05:19 5541 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use InnoDB's own implementation
2013-05-13 23:05:19 5541 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2013-05-13 23:05:19 5541 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
2013-05-13 23:05:20 5541 [Note] InnoDB: Not using CPU crc32 instructions
2013-05-13 23:05:20 5541 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2013-05-13 23:05:20 5541 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2013-05-13 23:05:20 5541 [Note] InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.
2013-05-13 23:05:20 5541 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
2013-05-13 23:05:20 5541 [Note] InnoDB: 5.6.11 started; log sequence number 1625977
2013-05-13 23:05:20 5541 [Note] Binlog end
2013-05-13 23:05:20 5541 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2013-05-13 23:05:20 5541 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
2013-05-13 23:05:22 5541 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625987
A RANDOM PASSWORD HAS BEEN SET FOR THE MySQL root USER !
You will find that password in '/root/.mysql_secret'.
You must change that password on your first connect,
no other statement but 'SET PASSWORD' will be accepted.
See the manual for the semantics of the 'password expired' flag.
Also, the account for the anonymous user has been removed.
In addition, you can run:
/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation
which will also give you the option of removing the test database.
This is strongly recommended for production servers.
See the manual for more instructions.
Please report any problems with the /usr/bin/mysqlbug script!
The latest information about MySQL is available on the web at
http://www.mysql.com
Support MySQL by buying support/licenses at http://shop.mysql.com
New default config file was created as /usr/my.cnf and
will be used by default by the server when you start it.
You may edit this file to change server settings
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# rpm -qa |grep MySQL
MySQL-server-5.6.11-2.rhel5
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# ps aux | grep mysql
root      5675  0.0  0.0   4016   668 pts/0    R+   23:06   0:00 grep mysql
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# service mysql start
Starting MySQL..                                           [  OK  ]
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# ps aux | grep mysql
root      5787  0.5  0.1   4632  1244 pts/0    S    23:08   0:00 /bin/sh /usr/bin/mysqld_safe --datadir=/var/lib/mysql --pid-file=/var/lib/mysql/localhost.localdomain.pid
mysql     5892  8.1  8.0 425688 83172 pts/0    Sl   23:08   0:00 /usr/sbin/mysqld --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql --plugin-dir=/usr/lib/mysql/plugin --user=mysql --log-error=/var/lib/mysql/localhost.localdomain.err --pid-file=/var/lib/mysql/localhost.localdomain.pid
root      5922  0.0  0.0   4016   672 pts/0    R+   23:08   0:00 grep mysql
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# mysql -u root -p
-bash: mysql: command not found
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#

サーバを導入してもアクセスできないようで、いろいろ探ってみたら
基本的にはmysqlクライアントというコマンドラインツールを使って端末上で操作するようなので
クライアントも導入しました。

[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-client-5.6.11-2.rhel5.i386.rpm/from/http://cdn.mysql.com/
--2013-05-13 23:15:07--  http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-client-5.6.11-2.rhel5.i386.rpm/from/http://cdn.mysql.com/
Resolving dev.mysql.com... 137.254.60.11
Connecting to dev.mysql.com|137.254.60.11|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
Location: http://cdn.mysql.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-client-5.6.11-2.rhel5.i386.rpm [following]
--2013-05-13 23:15:08--  http://cdn.mysql.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-client-5.6.11-2.rhel5.i386.rpm
Resolving cdn.mysql.com... 210.143.147.161, 210.143.147.160
Connecting to cdn.mysql.com|210.143.147.161|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 22938015 (22M) [application/x-redhat-package-manager]
Saving to: `MySQL-client-5.6.11-2.rhel5.i386.rpm'
100%[======================================================>] 22,938,015  1.80M/s   in 9.5s
2013-05-13 23:15:18 (2.29 MB/s) - `MySQL-client-5.6.11-2.rhel5.i386.rpm' saved [22938015/22938015]
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# rpm -ivh MySQL-client-5.6.11-2.rhel5.i386.rpm
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
1:MySQL-client           ########################################### [100%]
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# ll /root/.mysql_secret
-rw------- 1 root root 96 May 13 23:05 /root/.mysql_secret
[root@localhost]# less /root/.mysql_secret
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]#
[root@localhost]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.6.11
Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
mysql>

ここでいったんMySQLにはアクセスできました。
ただし、Passwordを変更しないと操作できないようなのでパスワードを変更しました。

mysql> SHOW DATABASES;
ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must SET PASSWORD before executing this statement
mysql>
mysql> SET PASSWORD FOR root@localhost=PASSWORD('jagaimo');
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql>

パスワードを「jagaimo」に変更しました。

mysql> SHOW DATABASES;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema |
| test               |
+--------------------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
mysql>
mysql> CREATE DATABASE data1 DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
mysql>
mysql>
mysql> SHOW DATABASES;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| data1              |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema |
| test               |
+--------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)
mysql>

data1を作成してみました。
そのあと、テーブルを作ってデータを入れるところまでやりました。

mysql> USE data1;
Database changed
mysql>
mysql>
mysql> CREATE TABLE table1 ( id int, name varchar(100) );
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.10 sec)
mysql>
mysql> SHOW TABLES;
+-----------------+
| Tables_in_data1 |
+-----------------+
| table1          |
+-----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
mysql>
mysql>exit
[root@localhost ~]#cd /var/lib/mysql/data1
[root@localhost ~]#vi test.csv

csvファイルを作成してます。
再度MySQLに接続してデータをいれました。

mysql>
mysql> LOAD DATA INFILE "test.csv" INTO TABLE table1 FIELDS TERMINATED BY ',' ENCLOSED BY '"';
Query OK, 11 rows affected (0.03 sec)
Records: 11  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 0
mysql>
mysql> SELECT * FROM table1;
+------+----------+
| id   | name     |
+------+----------+
|    1 | kyo      |
|    2 | ii       |
|    3 | otenki   |
|    4 | one-chan |
|    5 | hontoni  |
|    6 | kirei    |
|    7 | kiss     |
|    8 | shitai   |
|    9 | iijan    |
|   10 | chotto   |
|   11 | kurai    |
+------+----------+
11 rows in set (0.00 sec)
mysql>

いったんここまで。
コマンドラインで操作するのは面倒なので
次はphpMyAdminを導入してみようと思います。
※参考
http://blog.livedoor.jp/vine_user/archives/51650747.html
※phpMyAdminに参考になりそうなブログ
http://linuxserver.jp/%E3%82%B5%E3%83%BC%E3%83%90%E6%A7%8B%E7%AF%89/db/mysql/phpmyadmin%E3%81%AE%E3%82%A4%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B9%E3%83%88%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AB.php
以上

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